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Weights & Measures

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WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

New Zealand Standard metric cup and spoon measures are used in all recipes.

All measurements are level.

Easy measuring - use measuring cups or jugs for liquid measures and sets of 1 cup, ½ cup, ⅓ cup and ¼  cup for dry ingredients.

Brown sugar measurements - are firmly packed so that the sugar will hold the shape of the cup when tipped out.

Eggs - No. 6 eggs are used as the standard size.

 

ABBREVIATIONS

L = litre

ml = millilitre

cm = centimetre

mm = millimetre

g = gram

kg = kilogram

˚C = degrees Celsius

 

STANDARD MEASURES ARE:

1 cup = 250 millilitres

1 litre = 4 cups

1 Tbsp = 15 millilitres (Note an Australian Tbsp is 20ml)

1 dessertspoon = 10 millilitres

1 tsp = 5 millilitres

½ tsp = 2.5 millilitres

¼ tsp= 1.25 millilitres

APPROXIMATE METRIC/IMPERIAL CONVERSIONS IN COMMON COOKING USE

 

WEIGHT

30g = 1 ounce

120g = 4 ounces

240g = 8 ounces

450g = 1 pound

 

VOLUME

1kg = 2¼ pounds

1 litre = 1¾ pints

 

MEASUREMENTS

2.5cm = 1 inch

20cm = 8 inches

30cm = 12 inches

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES - APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENTS

ITEM

MEASURE

WEIGHT

breadcrumbs (fresh) 1 cup 50g
butter 2 Tbsp 30g
cheese (grated, firmly packed) 1 cup 100g
cocoa 4 Tbsp 25g
coconut 1 cup 75g
cornflour 4 Tbsp 25g
cream ½ pint 300ml
dried fruit (currants,  sultanas, raisins, dates) 1 cup 150–175g
egg, standard size 6   weighs about 50g
flour 1 cup 125g
flour, wholemeal 1 cup 150g
gelatine 4 Tbsp 25g
golden syrup 1 Tbsp 25g
milk 1 cup 250ml
nuts 1 cup 125–150g
oil 1 Tbsp 15ml
rice, sago 2 Tbsp 25g
  1 cup 200g
salt 2 Tbsp 25g
sour cream 1 cup 250g
sugar, white 2 Tbsp 30g
  1 cup 225g
sugar, brown 1 cup  
  (firmly packed) 200g
  (loosely packed) 125–150g
sugar, icing 1 cup 150g

 

 

BEFORE AND AFTER EQUIVALENT MEASURES

 

APPROXIMATE AMOUNTS NEEDED TO GIVE MEASURES:

⅓ cup  uncooked rice = 1 cup cooked rice
⅓ cup  uncooked pasta = 1 cup cooked pasta
2–3  chicken pieces = 1 cup cooked chicken
100g  cheese = 1 cup grated cheese
75g  mushrooms = 1 cup sliced = ½ cup cooked
4 toast  slices bread = 1 cup fresh breadcrumbs
200g  (two) potatoes = 1 cup mashed potato
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